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Archive of General Sir Archibald Hunter GCB GCVO DSO TD LLD
at the King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, Lancaster.

Contents Page of the on-line archive


With the generous backing of the Heritage Lottery Fund the King's Own Royal Regiment Museum has been able to acquire an archive relating to one of the regiment's most notable senior officers.

Archibald Hunter joined the King's Own in 1874 aged 17, he served in the Egyptian Army from 1884 to 1899, seeing action in the campaigns in the Sudan.  He commanded the Egyptian Division at the Battle of Firket in June 1896, and commanded the Flying Column and defeated Devishes at Abu Hamed and occupied Berber in August 1897.  In 1898 Hunter, as a Major General, commanded the Egyptian Division at the Battles of Atbara and Omdurman.  For his services at Atbara and Omdurman he received the thanks of both Houses of Parliament and was created a Knight Commander of the Bath.  In May 1899 he assumed command of the Quetta Division in India, but joined the Natal Field Force in South Africa as Chief-of-Staff to Sir George White VC.  He served at the Defence of Ladysmith and, as a Lieutenant General, led remarkably successful drives against the Boers before returning home through illness in January 1901.  Following commands in Scotland and India, and promotion to General, he became Governor of Gibraltar (1910-13).  He was Commander in Chief of Aldershot Command 1914-17 and oversaw the training of the volunteer armies.  He was Colonel of the King's Own from 1913 to 1926, Member of Parliament for Lancaster 1918-22 but did not stand for re-election as he 'wished to die an honest man' and a Freeman of the Town from 1899.

Comment on Archibald Hunter by Winston S Churchill in 'The River War':

"Major General Sir Archibald Hunter, the officer to whom the operation was entrusted, was from many points of view the most imposing figure in the Egyptian army.  He had served through the Nile Expedition of 1884-5, with some distinction in the Khedive's service.  Thenceforward his rise was rapid, even for an Egyptian officer, and in ten years he passed through all the grades from Captain to Major-General.  His reputation was not, however, undeserved.  Foremost in every action, twice wounded - once at the head of his brigade - always distinguished for valour and conduct, Hunter won the admiration of his comrades and superiors.  During the River War he became in spite of his hard severity, the darling of the Egyptian Army."

Archibald Hunter died on 26th June 1936, aged 79.

The archive acquired by the museum is not a complete collection of Hunter's papers, but clearly one which is formed by the most important documents, in his view, hence their survival.  The correspondence with Kitchener illustrates the close working and personal relationship between the two men.

Contents Page of the on-line archive

General Sir Archibald Hunter and his Arms.

The acquisition of the archive was funded from the museum's acquisition fund, a donation from the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment and a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Contents of the On-line Archive

bulletJoining the King's Own
bulletRegimental Reports and Certificates
bulletAppointment as 2nd Commandant Frontier Force
bulletWith the Egyptian Army
bulletKitchener - Hunter Letters in the Sudan
bulletVote of Thanks from both Houses of Parliament
bulletFreedom of Lancaster
bulletHunter in South Africa
bulletHonorary Colonel 2nd Volunteer Battalion
bulletGeneral Cameron - Hunter Letter
bulletEvelyn Wood - Hunter Letters
bulletMission to announce the accession of King Edward VII 1901
bulletHunter's invitation to the Coronation
bulletHunter As General Officer Commanding in Scotland
bulletDerby - Hunter Letter
bulletKitchener - Hunter Letters in India
bulletIndian Letters
bulletMission to announce the accession of King George V 1910
bulletHunter appointed Governor of Gibraltar, 1910
bulletWedding, November 1910
bulletKitchener - Hunter Letters 1911 - 1913
bulletAppointment as Colonel of the King's Own Regiment
bulletKitchener - Hunter Letters in the First World War
bulletHunter - Haig Letters
bulletEgerton - Hunter Letter
bulletStanding for Parliament
bulletHeysham War Memorial, September 1920
bullet5th Battalion History in the Great War
bulletHunter and General Sir George Wentworth Higginson
bulletRoyal Household Correspondence
bulletInvitations to Buckingham Palace
bullet1924 Old Comrades Reunion
bulletCareer Details and Notes
bulletHonours, Awards and Medals
bulletAides de Camp to the King
bulletMiscellaneous Items
bulletMiscellaneous Letters
bulletObjects in the museum's collection

2010 Trustees of the King's Own Royal Regiment Museum