Archive of General Sir Archibald Hunter
GCB GCVO DSO TD LLD
at the King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, Lancaster.
Career Details and Notes
Note on the career appointments of Hunter
between 1885 and 1891:
El Lewa Sir Archibald Hunter Pasha
Promoted Lieutenant Colonel Egyptian Army and to Command IXth Sudanese 1
Struck off strength Egyptian Army 20 Jan 1887. (Copy of Army Order 212
Appointed Second in Command Frontier Field Force 11 Apr 1889
Promoted Kaimakam 15 Mar 1888
Promoted Substantive Miralai 6 Jan 1890
Promoted Lewa 9 Jun 1892
Leave on Medical Certificate from 29 Sep 1888 to 30 Nov 1888 (no record
of any portion of this being cancelled)
Appointed Governor & Commandant of Tokar Sub-District 16 Apr 1891.
Accession Number: KO2686/167
Note on the Appointments of General
Sir Archibald Hunter in the First World War:
17 Aug 1914
To command 13th (Western) Division – Salisbury Plain. (In the same order
Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien was appointed to command Aldershot Training
22 Aug 1914
To command Aldershot Training Centre. 8th (Light) Division and 9th
27 Nov 1914
The under mentioned appointment is made:
Commander, Aldershot Training Centre – General Sir Archibald Hunter,
GCB, GCVO, DSO. Dated 23 Aug 1914.
30 Dec 1914
Army Organization – It is notified that the present organization of the
Land Forces into Divisions and Army Corps is being further developed by
the creation of Armies, each of which will consist generally of three
The 3rd Army will be commanded by General Sir Archibald Hunter.
23 Mar 1916
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Aldershot Command.
“Head-quarters of Training Centres will cease to exist ……
“In the case of Aldershot Training Centre and Command the present
General officer Commanding, Aldershot Training Centre, will become
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Aldershot Command”.
(Date above given effect to 8 May 1916.)
Accession Number: KO2686/168
Proof copy of entry in to Burke’s
Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 21 Jun 1935.
“Hunter, General Sir Archibald, GCB 1911, GCVO, 1912, KCB, 1898, DSO,
1886. LL D Cambridge, LL.D. Glasgow. MP for Lancaster 1918-22; late Hon.
Colonel 5th Battalion Royal Lancaster Regiment and 5th Battalion
Highland Light Infantry. Entered 4th Regiment 1874; became Captain
King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, 1882. Brevet Major 1885. Brevet
Lieutenant Colonel 1889. Colonel 1894, Major General 1896, Lieutenant
General 1900, and General 1905. Colonel of King’s Own Royal Lancaster
Regiment 1913 to 1926; served in the Sudan Expedition 1884-85
(despatches, medal with clasp, bronze star, 4th Class Osmanieh); in Nile
Expedition 1885-86, at action of Toski 1889 (despatches, clasp DSO, 3rd
Class Medjidie); in command of 3rd Division of Dongola Expedition 1896
(despatches, medal, Egypt, medal with two clasps); in command of
Infantry Division in Nile Expeditions 1897 and 1898 (despatches, 2nd
Class Osmanieh, four clasps to Egypt, medal, thanked by both Houses of
Parliament, KCB); in South African War 1899-1901 (despatches thrice,
medal with six clasps, promoted Lieutenant General); was attached to the
Egyptian Army 1884-1887, and 1888-92. Governor of Suakin and the Red Sea
Littoral, 1892-94; Governor of the Frontier Province, Egypt, 1894-96;
Governor of Dongola Province 1896-99; Governor of Omdurman, 1899; has
2nd class Medjidie; in command of 1st class District, Bombay 1899,
Scottish District 1901-03, and of Western Command, India, 1903-1910.
Governor and Commander in Chief, Gibraltar, 1910-13; General Officer
Commanding Aldershot, 1914-1917; ADC General to the King 1917-1919; is
Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour; accompanied Duke of Abercorn on
Special Mission to announce accession of HM King Edward VII, 1901.
Born 6 Sep 1856; son of the late Archibald Hunter; married 1 Nov 1910,
Mary (who died 30 Nov 1924) widow of George, 2nd Baron Inverclyde and
younger daughter of Hickson Fergusson of The Knowe, County Ayr.
Clubs - Marlborough, Carlton and Royal Automobile, London.
New Club, Edinburgh.
Accession Number: KO2686/139