King's Own Royal Regiment Museum

Lancaster

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Images are copyright, Trustees of the King's Own Royal Regiment Museum.
 You must seek permission prior to publication of any of our images.


Photo Gallery

First World War

Caton Road, Lancaster

Caton Road in Lancaster, now the A683, was the scene of much activity during the First World War.  On the mobilisation of the 5th Battalion accommodation was needed for those Territorial Force soldiers who did not live in Lancaster.  The disused Lancaster Carriage and Wagon Works was used to accommodate the soldiers between 12th August and 14th August 1914 when the battalion left Lancaster for Didcot in order to guard Lines of Communication on the Great Western Railway.

Compare these photographs of the Wagon works with some in 2014, now the site of Standfast and Barracks.

Continue down this page for more information, photographs and links to other pages of interest on the museum's website.


When mobilised in August 1914 the 5th Battalion used the redundant Wagon Works on Caton Road, Lancaster, as a temporary base from 12th August 1914 until they moved south to Didcot two days later.
Accession Number: KO0715/17 and KO1217/03


Interior view of the former Wagon Works used as billets by the 5th Battalion.
Accession Number: KO2160/37-30


Private Harold Gordon Cooper of the 1st/5th Battalion, King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, photographed in August 1914 in the Wagon Works, Caton Road, Lancaster, used as temporary accommodation for the newly mobilised battalion.
Accession Number: KO2412/05


The 5th Battalion leaves the temporary billets on Caton Road, Lancaster,
to march up to Lancaster Castle Station where it entrained for Didcot on 14th August, 1914.
Accession Number: KO2160/37-27


Detail of KO2160/37-27


5th Battalion, King's Own marching along Caton Road, Lancaster.
Accession Number: KO1775/02 and KO1898/36 and KO2806/01


The 5th Battalion leaves the temporary billets on Caton Road to march up to Castle Station where it entrained for Didcot on 14th August, 1914.  Whilst this image is a still 'postcard' photograph the troops passing this point feature in a short movie film which is now available from the museum shop.
Accession Number KO2490/419

Detention Barracks of Illegal Aliens and Prisoners of War

After the 5th Battalion left the Wagon Works it was used as Prisoner of War Detention Barracks, or Internment Camp.

Details of the Internment Camp were published in the Lancaster newspapers from September 1914.

A printed letter head used in December 1914 gives the address as: "Place of Internment for Prisoners of War, Lancaster".


See more
Watercolours showing scenes in Lancaster's Internment Camp by Adolph Ernest Jean von du Stratton in the collection of Lancaster City Museum.



This postcard of the Prisoner of War Detention Barracks, Wagon Works, Caton Road, Lancaster, was posted to Colour Sergeant F A Haigh, number 837, of 'D' Company, 5th Battalion, King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment at Didcot, Berkshire.  It is postmarked 14th October 1914.
Accession Number: LM82.46/60


Senior Non-Commissioned Officers and Officers who were guarding the Prisoner of War Camp, Wagon Works, Caton Road, Lancaster.
Most of the soldiers are of the King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, there is a Captain in the centre, with a Lieutenant on either side.  The Lieutenant Smith of the King's Regiment is on the left of the Captain.
The rear of the postcard, which was posted on 10th June 1915, reads: "POW Camp, Lancaster 10/6/1915.
Dear John, These are a section of the NCO's of the old Guard, also two of my brother officers.  Thought you would perhaps like to have one.  With kind regards to you Father & auntie also yourself and sister.  Yours sincerely, E Smith, Lieutenant."   The card is addressed to Master John Carter, 123 Bedford Road, Birkdale.
Lieutenant E Smith was an officer with the 5th Battalion of the King's Liverpool Regiment, and his name is also carved on a bone in the museum's collection.
Accession Number: KO2917/49

The Old Wagon Works site was put up for auction on 6th September 1916, so the prisoner of war internment camp was certainly closed by this time.

Carved Bones

The King's Own Museum collection contains two carved bones known to have been made at the Prisoner of War Camp on Caton Road.  Lancaster City Museum's collection also contains some carved bones from the camp.

  
Featuring the Regimental Lion and 'The King's Own Royal Regiment' on one side and 'E. Smith. Lieutenant, 5th King's Liverpool Regmt. Lancaster Camp 1914-15' on the other, the sender of the above postcard.
Accession Number: KO2590/406

     
This bone featuring a rose and leaves is marked '1914 Remembrance 1915' and 'Made in POW Camp, Vieteck, 1803, Lancaster'.
Accession Number: KO2590/407

Munitions Works - National Projectile Factory

 By 1916 the land between the Wagon Works and the Lune Aqueduct and the Lancaster Canal became a munitions works, the plan of the The National Projectile Factory, Caton Road Lancaster  does not show the wagon works site. 


Aerial view of the Lansil works, with the Lancaster Power Station at the top of the picture, and the wagon works at the bottom left, in the 1950s, showing the former site of the National Projectile Factory. 
LM2003.42.1


Selective enlargement of the Lansil works photograph, showing the main gate to the National Projectile Factory during the First World War.  The bus is passing the entrance.


1917 Royal Visit to the National Projectile Factory, with the Royal Party having just passed through the gateway which can be seen in the 1950s photograph.  All of this has now been demolished and rebuilt.


This 1923 London, Midland and Scottish Railway plan shows the railway line and workers platforms for the Munitions works.  This map shows the platform which was to the North of the wagon works site.


This 1923 London, Midland and Scottish Railway plan shows the railway line, the end of the workers platforms (to the left) and the wagon works in the centre.  The sidings on the right are now occupied by Alexandra Barracks and a small industrial estate.


Enlargement of the 1923 London, Midland and Scottish Railway plan in the area of the wagon works.

See also the detailed plans from the Auction Catalogue of 6th September 1916.

Images are copyright, Trustees of the King's Own Royal Regiment Museum.
 You must seek permission prior to publication of any of our images.

Only a proportion of our collections are on display at anyone time.  Certain items are on loan for display in other institutions.  An appointment is required to consult any of our collections which are held in store.

2017 Trustees of the King's Own Royal Regiment Museum