First World War
Second World War
Actions & Movements
First World War
3rd/4th Battalion and 3rd/5th
King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment
15 June 1915
3rd/4th Battalion Formed
16 January 1916
2nd/4th and 3rd/4th Battalions merged
2nd/4th Battalion moves to Oswestry as part of the
North Lancashire Brigade
1 September 1916
2nd/4th and 3rd/5th Battalions merge to become 4th
(Reserve) Battalion in Oswestry.
7 June 1915
3rd/5th Battalion Formed
1 September 1916
3rd/5th Battalion and 2nd/4th Battalion and becomes
4th (Reserve) Battalion in Oswestry
4th (Reserve) Battalion move to Dublin
3rd/4th and 3rd/5th Battalions
King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment in the Great War.
22nd August 1929
To The Editor of The Lion and The Rose, Lancaster
I noticed in the August number of the Regimental Magazine that you are
asking for some information with regard to the part played by the
3rd/4th and 3rd/5th Battalions of the Regiment during the Great War.
Perhaps the following short note may be of some assistance to you in
compiling their records.
On being passed fit for duty again after my return from commanding the
1st/4th Battalion, in France, I took over command of the 3rd/4th
Battalion at Blackpool on 13th December 1915.
This Battalion was then occupying billets at the South Shore end of
town, the Officers quarters being established in the Grand Hotel, South
The metier of this Battalion was the training of recruits for drafts to
be sent overseas, in this training wounded men returned from the front
and passed as fit for light duty were attached to the Battalion to
assist until such time as they were passed fit to return to the front.
On 16th January 1916 the title of the Battalion was changed from 3rd/4th
On 19th April 1916 the Battalion moved to Oswestry where it occupied No.
1 West Camp, and there continued the training of men for drafts. This
Camp was an extensive one and included the Welsh in addition to the
North Lancashire Brigade. There being in all about 35,000 troops under
On 1st September 1916 the 3rd/5th, at that time under the command of
Lieutenant Colonel J H Bates, was absorbed into the 2nd/4th Battalion,
and the consolidated Battalion came under my command, the title being
again changed to that of the 4th Reserve Battalion.
The consolidation involved a move to No. 4 North Camp, a much larger
camp with more modern huts.
At the same time the very excellent Band of the 7th Battalion, The
King’s (Liverpool) Regiment, was transferred to my Battalion at the
special request of the Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Colonel W H Stott,
TD. I retained command of this battalion, to which later on a Company of
Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps was added until 14th January 1918, when I
handed over command to Lieutenant Colonel J Hamilton Hall, CMG, DSO of
the 2nd Battalion, Middlesex Regiment, under the scheme for giving
Officers Commanding regular Battalions from overseas command of
Territorial Force Reserve Battalions at home for a period of six months
“as a rest”.
At that time the strength of the 4th Reserve Battalion was approximately
1,900 all ranks. During my period of command 206 Officers and 3012 other
ranks were trained and included in drafts (all proceeding to France with
the exception of 75 men sent to India in November, 1916, and 60 Officers
and 1347 other ranks were transferred to other units.
These drafts included, in addition to recruits, men passed fit for
General Service again after a period at home, others who had previously
been overseas in some other branch of the service, including one
particular crowd who originally started in the London Yeomanry
Regiments, then had a turn in the Tank Corps and were subsequently sent
to Oswestry to be turned into infantry.
I hope these notes may be of some slight assistance to you in compiling
the record which you are engaged upon.
Walter F A Wadham
PS At a later date the Battalion proceeded to Ireland and was quartered