King's Own Royal Regiment Museum

Lancaster

HOME
Museum & Collections
Sales
Donations
Events
Contact Us

REGIMENTAL HISTORY
17th Century
18th Century
19th Century
20th Century
First World War
Second World War
Actions & Movements
Battle Honours

FAMILY HISTORY
Resources
Further Reading

PHOTO GALLERY
ENQUIRIES
FURTHER READING
LINKS


34 Armoured Brigade Badge.


2nd Army Badge.


Regimental History - 20th Century

Second World War 1939-1945

107th Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps, The King's Own

Following their withdrawal from France in May 1940 the 5th Battalion King's Own switched to a defensive role in anticipation of a German invasion whilst the newly created 10th Battalion undertook a similar duty on the Northumberland coast.  In late 1941 these battalions, were converted to tanks and became part of the Royal Armoured Corps and eventually were merged and became the 107th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps, (The King's Own).

The men of the 107th were constantly training for the planned offensive in France, and in the early part of 1944 their Churchill tanks were supplemented by a number of 'Stuarts', a light American tank, as replacements for the bren-gun carriers in the reconnaissance platoons.  In May, waterproofing of the vehicles was carried out in preparation for their movement to France but it was not until 20th June that the vehicles were moved into marshalling areas to go across the Channel.  The allied advance following the landings in Normandy on 'D Day,' 6th June, had fallen behind schedule, and this factor combined with bad weather resulted in the  arrival of the 107th in Normandy as part of the 34th Independent Armoured Brigade being delayed until 3rd July.

Names of the Churchill Tanks of the 107th Regiment, RAC.

On 25th July the Americans broke from their beach-head and the major advance across France got underway.  The 107th were involved in the Battle of Caen, at Hill 112 near Esquay, south west of the City and following heavy fighting at Grimbosq and Brieux on the 7th and 8th August crossed the River Orne and concentrated to the west of Falaise for reorganisation.  An entire squadron from the 153rd Regiment RAC joined the 107th as the former was disbanded.  From Falaise the Regiment crossed the River Seine and moved to Le Havre where they assisted the general assault and liberation of the Port. 

The Regiment was out of action whilst the airborne landing took place at Arnhem, but as the army group advance through Belgium and Holland the 107th had the vital roll of protecting the over-stretched supply corridor, and moved to Eindhoven to support the 53rd (Welsh) Division on the west of the corridor.

On 20th October operations against the port of Antwerp began and in nine days of heavy fighting 19 tanks were put out of action.  Weather conditions began to slow the Allied advance, but the end of the war was in sight and once Antwerp had fallen the port could be used to supply the Allied advance which greatly improved the situation.

A combination of severe weather and mud caused the suspension of activities during December 1944 and January 1945 but on 8th February, after five hours of artillery bombardment and by now under the command of the 51st Highland Division, the regiment took part in the attack on the Siegfried Line in the Reichswald area.  After three weeks of heavy fighting the area was cleared and the Regiment stood down  and moved back into Holland for a fortnights rest.

34 Tank Brigade was placed in Second Army Reserve for the Rhine Crossing on 24th March, but was not required and the 107th did not cross the Rhine until 7th April and, until the war ended on 8th May, took part in internal security duties at Bocholt and, later, Munster.

The History of the 107th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (King's Own) June 1940 to February 1946, published in Germany, 1946.  Facsimile reprint of 1946 History.  Comprehensive account of this unit with it's origins in the 5th and 10th Battalions.  Including actions in France, Belgium and Germany.  Including Roll of Honour, Medals and Awards.  Price including UK postage 7.00.

How to order this item.

Photographs of the 107th and 151st Regiments can be found in the Photo Gallery.

bullet151st Regiment RAC The King's Own, page one
bullet151st Regiment RAC The King's Own, page two
bullet107th Regiment RAC The King's Own, page one
bullet107th Regiment RAC The King's Own, page two
bullet107th Regiment RAC The King's Own, page three
bullet107th Regiment RAC The King's Own, page four
bullet107th Regiment RAC The King's Own, page five
bullet107th Regiment RAC The King's Own, page six
bulletBadges and Insignia worn by the 107th Regiment RAC The King's Own

Books on the 107th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps

The King's Own The Story of a Royal Regiment Volume 3 1914-1959 by Colonel Julia Cowper - the best history of the King's Own in the Second World War.  On a CD-rom, viewable through a computer with Internet Explorer or similar.  Price including UK postage 12.75

How to order this item.

Only a proportion of our collections are on display at anyone time.  Certain items are on loan for display in other institutions.  An appointment is required to consult any of our collections which are held in store.

2013 Trustees of the King's Own Royal Regiment Museum